Uttarakhand Public Service Commission (UKPSC) have recently published the official recruitment notification for the posts of Forest Ranger Officer (FRO). All Applicants who fulfill the eligibility Criteria may fill online application from the official website of UKPSC on or before Last Date.
So Guys, Are you looking for Study Materials And Syllabus for UKPSC Forest Range Officer (FRO) Preliminary Exam & Main Exam. well you are at right place, here we have covered complete Syllabus.
Eligibility Criteria for UKPSC Forest Range Officer (FRO) Exam:
- 1 Eligibility Criteria for UKPSC Forest Range Officer (FRO) Exam:
- 1.1 Selection process for UKPSC Forest Range Officer (FRO):
- 1.2 UKPSC Forest Range Officer (FRO) Preliminary Exam & Main Exam Complete Syllabus:
- 1.3 UKPSC Forest Range Officer (FRO) Syllabus For Chemistry Section:
Applicants should have Graduation degree in following subjects:
Agriculture , botany , chemistry , computer application , computer science , agriculture engineering , engineering chemistry civil computer , electrical electronics , mechanical , environmental science , Forestry , Gardening , math , physics , statistics , animal husbandry , zoology
Selection process for UKPSC Forest Range Officer (FRO):
Applicants will be selected on bases of written examination. Question Paper will be objective type and MCQ based. First of all preliminary examination will be held for screening purpose. all those candidates who will be declared qualified in the written examination they will be call for Mains examination. Main Exam will be held at Haldwani and Haridwar district. Negative marking or minus marking will be applicable in this examination. For each incorrect answer 1/4 marks will be deducted as a negative marking.
Paper Pattern for UKPSC Forest Range Officer (FRO) Exam:
Question of the written examination will be objective type and MCQ based .
Preliminary Examination Subjects :
General Study & General Aptitude
Total Question – 150 ,
Maximum marks – 150
Time Duration – 2 hours
|Paper 1||General knowledge||100|
|Paper 2||General English- Essay, Precise & Letter Writing, etc||100|
|Paper 3||General Hindi||100|
|Paper 4||Optional subjects||200|
|Paper 5||Optional subjects||200|
|Time duration||3 hours for each question paper.|
|Minimum qualifying cutoff marks for Hindi paper will be 35% and its compulsory .|
UKPSC Forest Range Officer (FRO) Preliminary Exam & Main Exam Complete Syllabus:
UKPSC Forest Range Officer (FRO) Syllabus For Chemistry Section:
SECTION – A
Atomic Structure – Bohr’s model and its limitations, de Broglie equation, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, quantum mechanical operators and the Schrodinger wave equation, physical significance of wave function and its
characteristics (normalized, orthogonal), radial distribution and shapes od s, p, d and f-orbitals, particle in a one-dimensional box, quantization of electronic energies (qualitative treatment of hydrogen atom). Pauli’s exclusion principle, Hund’s rule of maximum multiplicity, Aufbau principle. Electronic configuration of atoms, Long form of Periodic table including translawrencium elements. Periodicity in properties of the elements such as atomic and ionic radii, ionization potential, electron affinity, electronegativity and hydration
Nuclear and Radiation Chemistry – Structure of nucleus (shell model), nuclear forces, nuclear stability N/P ratio, nuclear binding energy. Kinetics, detection and measurement of radioactivity, Artificial transmutation of elements and nuclear reactions, nuclear fission & fusion, radioactive isotopes and their applications. Radio carbon dating, Elementary ideas of radiation chemistry, radiolysis of water and aqueous solutions, unit of radiation chemical yield (G-value), Fricke’s dosimetry.
Chemical Bonding – Valence bond theory (Heitler-London and Pauling-Slater theories), hybridization VSEPR theory and shapes of simple inorganic molecules. Molecular orbital theory, bonding, non-bonding and anti-bonding molecular orbitals, molecular orbital energy level diagrams for homo and hetero nuclear diatomic molecules, bond order, bond length and bond strength, sigma and pi-bonds, hydrogen bond, characteristics of covalent bond.
Chemistry of s- and p-Block Elements – General properties of s- and p-block elements, chemical reactivity of elements and group trends, chemical behaviour with respect to their hybrids, halides and oxides.
Chemistry of Transition Elements – General characteristics, variable oxidation states, complex formation, colour, magnetic and catalytic properties. Comparative study of 4d and 5d transition elements with their 3d analogues with respect to their ionic radii, oxidation state and magnetic properties.
Chemistry of Lanthanides and Actinides – Lanthanide contraction, oxidatio states, Principles of separation of lanthanides and actinides. Magnetic and spectral properties of their compounds.
Coordination Chemistry – Werner’s theory of coordination compounds, IUPAC system of nomenclature, effective atomic number (EAN) Isomerism in coordination compounds. Valence bond theory and its limitations, Crystal field
theory, Crystal field splitting of d-orbitals in octahedral, tetrahedral and square planar complexes. Dq and factors affecting its magnitude, calculation of Crystal field stabilization energies (CFSE) for d1 to d9 week and strong field octahedral complexes, spectrochemical series. Electronic spectra of 3d-transition metal complexes, types of electronic transitions, selection rules for electronic transitions, spectroscopic ground states for d1 to d10 systems.
Bio-inorganic Chemistry – Essential and trace elements in biological processes, Metalloporphyrins with special reference to haemoglobin and myoglobin. Biological role of alkali and alkaline earth metal ions with special
reference to Ca2+.
Preparation, Properties and Uses of the following Inorganic Compounds – Heavy water, boric acid, diborane, hydrazine, hydroxylamine, potassium dichromate, potassium permanganate, (Ce(IV) sulphate and titanium (III)
Polymers – Number average and weight average, sedimentation, light scattering, viscocity and osmotic pressure methods. Finding molecular weight of polymers.
SECTION – B
General Organic Chemistry –
Electronic displacement – inductive, electromeric and messomeric effects, Conjugation and hyperconjugation. Resonance and its application to organic compounds. Electrophiles, mucleophiles, carbocations, carbanions and free radicals. Organic acids and bases. Effects of structure on the strength of organic acids and bases. Hydrogen bond and its effect on the properties of organic compounds.
Concepts of Organic Reaction Mechanism – Mechanism of addition, substitution, elimination reactions and molecular re-arrangements. Mechanism of electrophilic and nucleophilic aromatic substitution. Mechanism of the
following reactions; Aldol condensation, Claisen condensation, Beckmann rearrangement, Perkin reaction, Reimer-Tiemann reaction, Cannizzaro’s reaction, Friedel-Craft’s reaction, Reformatisky’s reaction and Wagner-Meerwein rearrangement.
Aliphatic Compounds – Chemistry of simple organic compounds belonging to following classes with special reference to the mechanisms of the reactions involved therein ; alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, alkyl halides, alcohols, ethers, thiols, aldehydes, ketones, a, b-unsaturated carbonyl compounds, acids and their derivatives, amines, aminoacids, hydroxyl acids, unsaturated acids and dibasic acids. Synthetic uses of malonic ester, acetoacetic ester, Grignard’s reagent, carbine, diazomethane and phosphoranes.
Carbohydrates – Classification, configuration and general reaction of simple monosaccharides. Osazone formation, mutarotation, pyranose and furanose structures. Chain lengthening and chain shortening in aldoses and ketoses. Interconversion of glucose and fructose.
Stereochemistry and Conformations – Elements of symmetry, optical and geometrical isomerism in simple organic compounds. Absolute configuration (R & S), Configurations of geometrical isomers, E & Z notations. Conformations of mono and disubstituted cyclohexanes. Boat and chair forms.
Aromatic Compounds – Modern structure of benzene ; concept of aromaticity, Huckel rule and its simple application to non-benzenoid aromatic compounds. Activating and deactivating effect of substituent groups, directive influence.
Study of the compounds containing following groups attached to the alkyl and benzene ring – Halogen, hydroxyl, nitro and amino groups. Sulphonic acids, benzaldehyde, salicyldehyde, acetophenone, Benzoic, salicylic, phthalic, cinnamic and mandelic acids.
Naphthalene and Pyridine – Synthesis, structure and important reactions.
Alkaloids – General methods of structure elucidation of alkaloids, chemistry of nicotine.
Organic Polymers – Mechanism of polymerization, polymers of industrial importance, synthetic fibres.
Chemistry of Living Cells – A brief introduction, chemical constituents, cell membrance, acid-base balance. Diffusion and active transport. Donnan membrance equilibria.
Enzymes and Coenzymes – Nomenclature and characteristics, factors which affect enzyme activity.
NMR Spectroscopy – Principle of PMR, chemical shift, spin-spin coupling, interpretation of PMR spectra olf simple organic molecules.
Evaluation of Analytical Data – Errors, accuracy and precision, Relative and standard deviation, rejection of doubtful observations, t-test, Q-test.
Solvent Extraction – Distribution law, Craigs concept of counter – current distribution, important solvent extraction systems.
Chromatography – Classification of chromatographic techniques, general principles of adsorption, partition ion exchange, paper and thin layer chromatography.
Environmental Chemistry – Air pollutants and their toxic effects, depletion of ozone layer Effects of oxides of nitrogen fluorochlorocarbons and their effecton ozone layer, Greenhouse effect, Acid rain.
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