Some Common Terminology and Abbreviations Used In Computer And Technology – Current Affairs & GK

A computer is a broadly useful device that could be customized to do a set of arithmetic or logical operations naturally. Since an arrangement of operations could be promptly changed, the computer machine can solve more than one sort of issue.

Computer Today has become an important part of our lives. infact today we are living in the age of information revolution which is much to be owed, to the ability of computers of desseminating information at an incredible speed. From education to entertainment and from communication to business,computers are present every where.

Thus in this era of information, it is cruacial to have the basic knowledge of computer, its parts, its components and its applications find way in a variety of fields. A sound theoretical base of computer and its applications would enhance the knowledge level of the reader and would definitely make the journey in the colourful world of computers, an exhilarating one.

Some Common Terminology Which is used in the computer Technology are given below:

ASCII – American Standard Code for Information Interchange

ANSI – American National Standards Institute

ACM – Association for Computing Machinery

ACD – Automatic Call Distributor

ADCCP – Advanced Data Communications Control Procedures

Ajax – Asynchronous JavaScript and XML

AF– Anisotropic Filtering

AFP– Apple Filing Protocol

AGP- Accelerated Graphics Port

AI – Artificial Intelligence

BASIC – Beginner’s All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code

BERT – Bit Error Rate Text

COMPUTER – Common Operating Machine Particularly Used for Trade, Education, and Research

CD-ROM – CD Read-Only Memory

CORBA – Common Object Request Broker Architecture

CXML – Commerce Extensible Markup Language

DBMS – Database Management System

DHTML – Dynamic Hypertext Markup Language

DES – Data Encryption Standard

DMA – Direct Memory Access

DVD – Digital Versatile Disc

E-mail – Electronic mail

EEPROM – Electronically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory

ECOS – Embedded Configurable Operating System

FTTP – Fiber To The Premises

FDMA – Frequency-Division Multiple Access

FIPS – Federal Information Processing Standards

FTAM – File Transfer Access And Management

GIF – Graphics Interchange Format

GUI – Graphical User Interface

GOMS – Goals, Operators, Methods, and Selection rules

HDMI – High-Definition Multimedia Interface

HDLC – High Lavel Data Link Control

HTTPS – Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure

HDTV – High Definition Television

IEEE – Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers

ISO – International Organization for Standardization

IBM – International Business Machines

IP – Internet Protocol

ICANN – Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers

ISDN – Integrated Services Digital Network

JPEG – Joint Photographic Experts Group

JDBC – Java Database Connectivity

JFET – Junction Field-Effect Transistor

LAN – Local Area Network

MOSFET – Metal-Oxide Semiconductor Field Effect Transistor

MB – Megabyte

MPEG – Motion Pictures Experts Group

MSDN – Microsoft Developer Network

MIDI – Musical Instrument Digital Interface

MMX – multimedia Extension

MIS – Management Information System

MIME – Multipurpose Internet Mail Extension

NETBIOS – Network Basic Input/Output System

NSS – Network Security Services

NFAR – Network File Access Routine

NSP – Network Service Protocol

NVRAM – Non-Volatile Random Access Memory

OLTP – Online Transaction Processing

OMAP – Open Multimedia Application Platform

OASIS – Organization for the Advancement of Structured Information Standards

OOP – Object-Oriented Programming

PAP – Password Authentication Protocol

PCM – Pulse-Code Modulation

PDF – Portable Document Format

PIN – Personal Identification Number

PROM – Programmable Read Only Memory

ROM-DOS – Read Only Memory – Disk Operating System

RARP – Reverse Address Resolution Protocol

RIP – Routing Information Protocol

RAM – Random Access Memory

SOAP – Simple Object Access Protocol

SGML – Standard Generalized Markup Language

SMTP – Simple Mail Transfer Protocol

SEO – Search Engine Optimization

SMBIOS – System Management BIOS

TCP/IP – Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol

TDMA – Time Division Multiple Access

UDMA – Ultra Direct Memory Access

USB – Universal Serial Bus

VBS – Visual Basic Scrip

VLAN – Virtual Local Area Network

W3C – World Wide Web Consortium

WSDL – Web Services Description Language

XML – Extensible Markup Language

ZIP – Zone Information Protocol

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