Rundown Of Some Bharat Ratna Winners: Current Affairs For Competitive Exams

Current Affairs For Competitive Exams Rundown of some GK Bharat Ratna Winners rundown and interesting fact about Bharat Ratna

Bharat Ratna (भारत रत्‍न) is the highest civilian award of the Republic of India. Instituted on 2 January 1954, the award is conferred “in recognition of exceptional service/performance of the highest order”, without distinction of race, occupation, position,. The award was originally limited to achievements in the arts, literature, science and public services but the government expanded the criteria to include “any field of human endeavour” in December 2011.

Recommendations for the Bharat Ratna are made by the Prime Minister to the President, with a maximum of three nominees being awarded per year. Recipients receive a certificate signed by the President and a ‘peepal-leaf–shaped’ medallion, there is no monetary grant associated with the award. Bharat Ratna recipients rank seventh in the Indian order of precedence, but are constitutionally prohibited from using the award name as a title.

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Interesting Facts about Bharat Ratna Award Winners-

* Initially Bharat Ratna was honored to Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan, Sir C.v. Raman, and Chakravarti Rajagopalachari in 1954.

* Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan (1987) And Nelson Mandela (1990) are two non Indians of Bharat Ratna Award Winners.

* Mother Teresa was the initially naturalized Indian subject of Bharat Ratna Award Winner in 1980.

* Sachin Tendulkar is the first sportsperson and the most youthful Bharat Ratna Award Winner.

Bharat Ratna Award Winner Lists-

Year 1954:

Shri Chakravarti Rajagopalachari (Independence Activist, Last Governor General)

Sir C.V Raman (Physicist)

Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan [Philosopher, India’s First Vice President (1952-1962), and India’s Second President(1962-1967)]

Year 1955:

Bhagvan Das (Independence activist, author)

Mokshagundam Visvesvarayya (Civil engineer, Diwan of Mysore)

Jawaharlal Nehru [Independence activist, author, First Prime Minister (1947-1964)]

Year 1957:

Govind Ballabh Pant (Independence activist, Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, Home Minister)

Year 1958:

Dhondo Keshav Karve (Educator, social reformer)

Year 1961:

Bidhan Chandra Roy (Physician, Chief Minister Of West Bengal)

Bidhan Chandra Roy (Physician, Chief Minister Of West Bengal)

Purushottam Das Tandon (Independence activist, educator)

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Year 1962:

Rajendra Prasad [Independence activist, jurist, First President (1950-1962)]

Year 1963:

Zakir Hussain [Independence activist, Scholar, Third President (1967-1969)]

Pandurang Vaman Kane (Indologist and Sanskrit scholar)

Year 1966:

Lal Bahadur Shastri [Posthumous, independence activist, Second Prime Minister (1964-1966)]

Year 1971:

Indira Gandhi [Third Prime Minister (1980-1984)]

Year 1975:

V.V. Giri [Trade unionist and Fourth President (1969)]

Year 1976:

K. Kamaraj (Posthumous, independence activist, Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu State)

Year 1980:

Mother Teresa (Catholic nun, founder of the Missionaries of Charity)

Year 1983:

Vinoba Bhave (Posthumous, social reformer, independence activist)

Year 1987:

Khan Abdul Gaffar Khan (First non-citizen, independence activist)

Year 1988:

M.G. Ramchandran (Posthumous, film actor, Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu)

Year 1990:

B.R. Ambedkar (Posthumous, chief architect of the Indian Constitution, politician, economist, and scholar)

Nelson Mandela (Second non-citizen and non-Indian recipient, Leader of the Anti-Apartheid movement)

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Year 1991:

Rajiv Gandhi [Posthumous, Sixth Prime Minister (1984-1989)]

Vallabhbhai Patel [Posthumous, independence activist, first Home Minister(1947-1950)]

Morarji Desai [Independence activist, fourth Prime Minister(1977-1979)]

Year 1992:

Abdul Kalam Azad (Posthumous, independence activist, first Minister of Education)

J. R. D. Tata (Industrialist and philanthropist)

Satyajit Ray (Bengali Filmmaker)

Year 1997:

A.P.J. Abdul Kalam (Aeronautical Engineer,11th President of India)

Gulzarilal Nanda (Independence activist, interim Prime Minister)

Aruna Asaf Ali (Posthumous, independence activist)

Year 1998:

M.S. Subbulakshmi (Carnatic classical singer)

Chidambaram Subramaniam (Independence activist, Minister of Agriculture)

year 1999:

Jayaprakash Narayan (Posthumous, independence activist and politician)

Ravi Shankar (Sitar Player)

Amartya Sen (Economist)

Gopinath Bardoloi (Posthumous, independence activist, Chief Minister of Assam)

year 2001:

Lata Mangeshkar (Playback singer)

Bismillah Khan (Hindustani Classical Shehnai Player)

year 2008:

Bhimsen Joshi (Hindustani Classical Singer)

year 2013:

Sachin Tendulkar (Indian Cricketer, First Sportsman and Youngest Indian who got Bharat Ratna,)

Prof. C.N.R Rao 1934 (Chemist)

year 2014:

Madan Mohan Malaviya (Educationist and politician)

Atal Bihari Vajpayee [Former Prime Minister of India (1996), (1998), (1999-2004)]

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